Fact 1: 85% refugees are hosted in the developing world
There is a perception that most refugees are making their way to countries in the global north. The data shows the opposite to be true – with 85 per cent of refugees in developing countries, many of which are desperately poor and receive little support to care for these populations.
At the end of 2017, Turkey continued to be the country hosting the world’s largest number of refugees, with 3.5 million.
While Turkey remained the world’s leading refugee hosting country in terms of absolute numbers, Lebanon continued to host the largest number of refugees relative to its national population, where 1 in 6 people was a refugee under the responsibility of UNHCR.
Fact 2: Two-thirds of all refugees come from just five countries
Altogether, more than two-thirds (68 per cent) of all refugees worldwide came from just five countries, namely:
1. Syrian Arab Republic (6.3 million)
2. Afghanistan (2.6 million)
3. South Sudan (2.4 million)
4. Myanmar (1.2 million)
5. Somalia (986,400)
Fact 3: Four out of five refugees remain in countries next door to their own
About 2.7 million people were newly registered as refugees during 2017. Crises in South Sudan and Myanmar caused new refugee numbers to grow. Most of them fled to neighboring countries or elsewhere in their immediate region.
Sub-Saharan Africa is now home to 31 per cent of the global refugee population.
The third-largest group of new refugees originated from Myanmar. Due to the outbreak of violence in Rakhine State at the end of August 2017.
Fact 4: 52% of the world’s refugee population are children
Children below 18 years of age represented over half of the world’s refugees are children in 2017. A total of 138,700 unaccompanied and separated child refugees and asylum seekers were reported.
Fact 5: 61.4% of the refugees live outside of camps*
In urban locations 95 per cent of refugees were living in individual accommodation with very few in camp locations. As for previous years, the Syrian refugee crisis was characterized overwhelmingly by refugees living in private or individual accommodation rather than camps, with 90 per cent doing so.
By the end of the year, 68.5 million individuals (including 25.4 million of refugees) were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, or violence. As a result, the world’s forcibly displaced population remained yet again at a record high.
* Has been corrected by UNHCR on 25.07.2018 (previous version: Fact 5: 58% of refugees are not living outside of camps and urban settings)